Open-access Classics resources
The Library might not be open, but we want to continue making top quality research material available to you.
From individuals to publishers, a wealth of Classics content, from ancient language learning resources to journal access, museum databases to recordings of Greek drama, is becoming available to everyone, in addition to the digital resources which we already offer our readers.
Over the coming weeks, we will continue to update these resources, as well as provide instructions on how to use them.
Keep up with us on Facebook and Twitter as well, where you can alert us to new resources as well as let us know how you get on using the ones we've covered below.
The Warburg Institute Online Resources and Databases is extensive and well worth checking out too, as is the Stephanus TLG E-Resources for Classicists and the Ancient World Online index.
Highly recommended also is this Open University blog outlining the OU's free Classical Studies material.
If you want to stay connected to Classics news during this crisis, we'd also recommend subscribing to the University of Liverpool's Classicists list.
Explore the ever-growing range of material in the sub-headings below.
Satura Lanx Latin podcast
If you've decided to use your time in self-isolation to learn Latin, check out the Satura Lanx Latin podcast, which guides you through some of the building block texts of Roman literature. Check out this link for a taster, by way of Catullus III.
Ancient Greek with A.C. Duncan
Online Greek lessons for those using the Athenaze series from A.C. 'Al' Duncan, Assistant Professor of Classics at UNC Chapel Hill.
As well as ancient language group and private lessons, Schola Humanistica also hosts monthly 'webinars' conducted in Latin. This month's webinar 'De Hominis Excellentia' will centre on the analysis and discussion of literary passages concerning the Dignity of Man.
The Webinar will take place on Sunday, March 29, 2020, 5 P.M. CET. Register your interest (free of charge) by 3pm CET on March 28.
The Chicago Homer is a multilingual database that uses the search and display capabilities of electronic texts to make the distinctive features of Early Greek epic accessible to readers with and without Greek. Except for fragments, it contains all the texts of these poems in the original Greek, along with English and Greek translations.
Corpus medicorum Graecorum/ Latinorum
The CMG/CML features online editions and digitizations of ancient medical manuscripts in Greek, Latin and Arabic, as well as concordances.
Dickinson College Commentaries
Free online commentaries and vocabulary lists to accompany selections from Greek and Latin texts. See also this selection of nine Latin texts, prose and poetry, produced by a partnership between Dickinson College and Oxford University Press.
Digital Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (DFHG)
A digital edition of the five volumes of the Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum (FHG) produced by Monica Berti at the Alexander von Humboldt Chair of Digital Humanities at the University of Leipzig.
A digital edition of the Deipnosophists of Athenaeus of Naukratis. The work is focused on annotating quotations and text reuses in the Deipnosophists.
Digital Latin Library
Critical editions of Latin texts, of all types, from all eras. The DLL Project aims to facilitate an ongoing scholarly conversation about these texts through open collaboration and annotation.
Loeb Classical Library
You may know these as the Green and Red hardbacks, but the Loeb Classical Library has moved online too! Select access free for all until June 30 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, library members can access this resource at all other times of the year too.
For Hellenic or Roman Societies / Institute of Classical Studies Library members, access the Loeb Classical Library via the Library catalogue page. Please login using the your name and 10 digit barcode number (no spaces between the numbers). The link to this database is via a title search - Digital Loeb Classical Library - click on "Connect to Web resource". You must access this resource through the catalogue - going directly through the Loeb website will not work.
Open Greek and Latin Project
The aim of the project is to collect an online version of every source text produced in Classical Greek or Latin, including texts preserved in manuscripts, inscriptions, papyri, ostraka, and other written artifacts.
Open University Greek drama database
A database to document and analyse performances, adaptations, and re-imaginings of Greek drama in the late 20th and 21st centuries. It's dynamic and constantly updated - well worth checking out!
PHI Latin Texts
Online versions of Latin texts. Most useful are the word search and concordance tools.
Tesserae is an online tool to explore intertextual parallels between Latin and Greek poetry.
Voci del mondo antico
In the text collections of Voci del mondo antico, the interactive pages will allow both easier viewing of the contents and an assessment of one's level of learning.
Epigraphy and papyrology
Attic Inscriptions Online (AIO)
Attic Inscriptions Online (AIO) is a resource structured around English translations of the inscriptions of ancient Athens and Attica. You can browse by source, date, findspot, original location, inscription type, monument type, and by publication date on AIO. AIO also have an associated Youtube Channel.
AXON Greek Historical Inscriptions
Axon Project aims to offer a selection of Greek inscriptions, from the birth of the polis in the Archaic Age to 31 BC. The documents are provided with complete lemma and critical apparatus, information about date and place of their discovery, Italian translation, commentary, and updated bibliography. This digital anthology has been selected according to a broader notion of ‘historical’ inscription, which includes those documents relevant not only for their political and institutional contents, but also for the social as well as cultural issues they display.
Carmina Latina Epigraphica Galliae
Database of verse Latin epigraphy.
Center of Digital Epigraphy
The Center of Digital Epigaphy (CoDE) hosts two projects: the Inscriptions of Israel/ Palestine (original language and translations of inscriptions from Israel/Palestine dating from the sixth century BCE to the seventh century CE) and the US Epigraphy Project (gathering and sharing information about ancient inscriptions (mainly Greek and Latin) preserved in the USA).
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum
The printed version of the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) consists of 17 volumes and 70 parts, 180,000 inscriptions. The digital version contains more than 50 parts (of vols. I-XVI + auctaria and of v. I (edition altera)) published before 1940.
Corpus of Ptolemaic Inscriptions
A Corpus of up-to-date editions of the Greek, bilingual and trilingual inscriptions on stone from Ptolemaic Egypt (323-30 BCE), numbering around 450 items, based on material collected and annotated by the late Peter Fraser FBA (1918-2007).
Current Epigraphy reports news and events in Greek and Latin epigraphy, including updates on newly published open access epigraphy volumes.
Curse Tablets of Roman Britain
Digitized catalogue and archaeological context of the tablets, along with indices of the words used in them.
Dodona Online (DOL) is a project whose main aim is to edit online all the oracular questions from Dodona, including the 4216 new lamellae from the Evangelidis’ excavations.
Epigraphic Database of Ancient Asia Minor
The EDAK (Epigraphische Datenbank zum antiken Kleinasien) project of the Department for Ancient History at the University of Hamburg aims to collect the widespread published Greek and Latin inscriptions of the regions of modern Turkey and to present them in a database with a short description and a commentary. Currently over 6000 inscriptions available.
Epigraphic Database Bari
The Epigraphic Database Bari project (EDB), started in 1988, specializes in the epigraphic documents by Christians of Rome between 3rd and 8th centuries CE. Includes open access publications.
Epigraphic Landscape of Athens
The objective of the Epigraphic Landscape of Athens, a project whose objective is to show the relationship between public inscriptions and urban space in ancient Athens.
Inscriptions of Aphrodisias Project - over 2000 inscriptions from 2nd century BCE to early 7th century CE.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae
A database of early Christian inscriptions from Asia Minor and Greece
Inscriptions of Greek Cyrenaica and Greek Verse Inscriptions of Cyrenaica including maps and bibliographies.
Inscriptiones antiquae Orae Septentrionalis Ponti Euxini graecae et latinae (IOSPE)
Online third edition of the corpus of ancient inscriptions from the Northern Coast of the Black Sea from the third quarter of the 7th century BCE until the fall of Constantinople in 1453 CE.
A Corpus of inscriptions from ancient Sicily, in all languages across all of antiquity - currently containing data for over 3200 inscriptions.
Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania
Digital edition of Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania (1952, now out of print), making the original material available again, and providing the full photographic record, together with geographical data linking the inscriptions to maps and gazetteers, and so to other resources.
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1-15
The first fifteen volumes of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri are available.
Papyri.info aggregates material from the Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS), Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri (DDbDP), Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens (HGV), Bibliographie Papyrologique (BP).
Roman Inscriptions of Britain
Roman Inscriptions of Britain (RIB) Online hosts hosts multiple corpora of Roman inscriptions from Britain. Including The Vindolanda Writing Tablets and Collingwood's & Wright's monumental inscriptions.
Wisconsin Palmyrene Aramaic Inscription Project
The immediate goal of the Wisconsin Palmyrene Aramaic Inscription Project (WPAIP) is to re-collate the corpus of Palmyrene Aramaic inscriptions as far as possible, providing detailed photographic records and new editions of each epigraph.
Art and Archaeology
Alexandrian Centre for Amphora Studies
This site illustrates the astounding wealth of amphora material discovered throughout the construction sites and archaeological digs of this city founded by Alexander the Great. The Graeco-Roman Museum of Alexandria holds the biggest collection in the world of stamped amphora handles with more than 160,000 examples.
The Ancient Graffiti Project
A digital resource for studying the graffiti of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
Athenian Agora Excavation Archive
Excavations in the Athenian Agora are formally published through the Athenian Agora monograph series and articles in Hesperia, the journal of the American School. A number of digital resources are also made available free-of-charge for teaching and research purposes. For general information about the Athenian Agora excavations, including contact information and a history of the excavations, please visit http://agathe.gr.
World's largest online photographic archive of ancient Greek painted pottery. The Beazley archive incorporates the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani, and Gandhara Connections, among others.
British Institute at Ankara monographs
Titles in this series available to download as pdfs.
Council for British Archaeology
Open access material available across publications, including research reports, handbooks, papers, and education publications.
Corpus of Ancient Sarcophagi
A digitized version of the German Archaeological Institute's collection and publication of sarcophagi of the Roman Empire in 1870. Click 'to sarcophagus browser' in the top right-hand corner of the page to enter the database.
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum
Digitized versions of the 250 out-of-print CVA catalogues.
The Corpus of Antique Works of Art Known by Johann Joachim Winckelmann and his Contemporaries is a data base established by the Winckelmann-Gesellschaft, Stendal, which compiles the knowledge of antique works of art in the 17th and 18th century in both visual and written documentation.
A searchable database of archaeological databases since 2000.
Getty Publications Virtual Library
Over 300 titles are available on the Virtual Library. Search by subject to find 112 Antiquities titles and 28 Archaeology volumes.
Iconography and archaeology of pre-Roman Italy (Icar)
Icar assembles objects from pre-Roman Italy (Etruscan, Italic and Italiote from the 8th century BC to the Hellenistic period) with figured scenes.
Instrumentum is a working group that comprises scholars interested in the crafts and industries of ancient Europe and the Mediterranean, from the European Iron Age and the eras of Greek and Roman civilization, with some overlap into the late Bronze Age and the early Middle Ages. The website contains bibliographies and publications.
Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae
The Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC) Online is a compilation of three databases:
- LIMC-icon contains data relating to ancient Greek, Roman and Etruscan documents bearing a mythological or religious representation
- LIMC-biblio contains recent bibliographical data to complete the information published in the LIMC volumes.
- LIMC-abrev allows you to find the list of the articles published in the LIMC and the full names of the bibliographical abbreviations used in the LIMC, in the ThesCRA and on this site.
Metropolitan Museum of Art catalogues
The Met has 500 of its exhibition catalogues available to download as pdfs. Search using the grey side search box, and filter by thematic category, selecting 'Greek and Roman Art in the Ancient World'. Further refine this by selecting 'Download PDF' or 'Read on-line' in the Format field. Among the Classical items of interest are these recent publications:
Netherlands Institute for the Near East
NINO (Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten) has a number of online collections available, including digitised cuneiform tablets in the De Liagre Böhl collection and glass slides of archaeological sites from 1930-40s.
Ostia Forum Project
Official blog of the ongoing survey and excavation of the Ostia Forum by a team from the Humboldt University. Includes 3D visualizations and site plans.
Prosopographia Imperii Romani
A 'Who's Who' of the Roman Empire
A database on radiocarbon dated textiles and historical-dated textiles (1st millenium BC and AD)
University of Heidelberg Archaeological Literature
The University Library at Heidelberg has digitized editions of archaeological literature from the 16th-20th centuries. Use the search tool on the linked page to search by author, title, or year of publication.
Digitised databases from museums, libraries, archives, etc.
- The American Academy at Rome - The AAR Digital Humanities Center unites the Academy's archival resources in one single search interface. Freely available are the Academy archives, the Photographic archive, and the Archaeological Study collection, among others.
- British Museum - As well as the Collection Online search tool, see also the virtual Museum of the World tour. You can browse exhibits by century, continent and themes — such as art and design, trade and conflict, or religion and belief.
- Capitoline Museum - Item records, documents, room descriptions, as well as Google Earth virtual tours.
- Cleveland Museum of Art - The online collections of the Museum include image records, online exhibitions, videos and 3D imaging.
- Europeana - A collation of digital collections across Europe. Explore the archaeology, art, and manuscript collections.
- Fitzwilliam Museum - Greece & Rome collection online
- Gallica - Compiled by the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Gallica database contain digitised material across French libraries. Find material from Roman Gaul here.
- Hadrian's Villa Project
- The J. Paul Getty Museum - Study Getty's collection of antiquities here . You can also take a virtual tour of the Sculpture Plaza and Garden Terrace here
- Metropolitan Museum of Art - Search the whole of the Met's collection online along with linked blog entries on particular objects or collections. Remember also that the Met's images are open-access - so you can share and use them without restriction.
- Musei Vaticani - See the full extent of the Vatican Museums' collections on a virtual tour here . Don't forget to look up at the ceilings!
- The Smithsonian Institution - The Smithsonian Magazine has collated a list of the best virtual museum collections and history tours available online. Check out these tours of Ancient Athens and Rome if you need a break.
- Staatliche Museen zu Berlin Antikensammlung - the Greek and Roman antiquities collection, as well as the Egyptian collections.
- University Museums and Collections by ICOM - Universities have many important collections which are often not well-known. The UMAC search tool allows users to locate these in one place. Browse by Subject to explore the collections relating to Classical Archaeology and Classical Studies.
Death on the Nile publications
Series edited by Sofía Torallas Tovar (University of Chicago) and Klaas A. Worp (Leiden University), which provides freely downloadable pdf-documents with scholarly works related to Death in Graeco-Roman Egypt.
Digital Atlas of the Jewish World in Antiquity
The project constructs an interactive mapping of the archaeological findings and literary evidence about Jews around the world. Includes maps, bibliographies, and other useful links.
Digital Prosopography of the Roman Republic
The Digital Prosopography of the Roman Republic (DPRR) is a comprehensive, searchable database of all known members of the upper strata Roman society has been established, which brings together information about individual careers, office holdings, personal status, life dates and family relationships.
Histos is an online journal of ancient historiography with two new volumes now out. Histos 14 (2020) can be found here, as well as Histos Supplement 11 C. Constantakopoulou and M. Fragoulaki, edd., Shaping Memory in Ancient Greece: Poetry, Historiography, and Epigraphy (2020).
Marathon - 2500 Years: Proceedings of the Marathon Conference 2010. Edited by Christopher Carey and Michael Edwards. London: University of London Press, 2019.
This volume, which includes twenty-one papers originally presented at a colloquium hosted by the Faculty of Philology at the University of Peloponnese, Kalamata in 2010 to mark the 2,500th anniversary of the battle, is a celebration of Marathon and its reception from classical antiquity to the present era. Available as a free open-access pdf through the generosity of University of London Press.
Digitized version of the 12th century Peutinger map
Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit Online
The Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit Online/Prosopography of the Middle Byzantine Period Online (PMBZ Online) is a comprehensive biographical dictionary for the Byzantine Empire in the early Medieval Period (641-1025 AD) documenting more than 21,000 persons.
Project mapping 1200 years of Greek literature mentions of cities, people, and monuments, from Spain to India.
The Institute of Classical Studies is one of the hosts of the Sunoikisis Digital Classics programme, alongside the University of Leipzig. You can find the video lectures, readings, exercises, and more on the Sunoikisis Wiki page, and follow the courses at your own pace. To date, this year two modules have run at the ICS: Linking Written and Material Culture, and Digital Approaches to Cultural Heritage.
The Digital Classicist Wiki is another hub for scholars, students, professionals and other interested in the application of digital humanities or computational methods to the study or dissemination of the ancient world(s). This wiki catalogues digital projects and tools of relevance to classicists, guidelines and discussion around technical issues, and events, bibliographies and other developments in the field.
Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies
The Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (BICS) issues and supplements are now available to download free via Oxford Academic. Don't forget to sign up to the email alerts via the link on the right hand side of the page to be updated when new issues are published.
Dotawo: A Journal of Nubian Studies
Dotawo: A Journal of Nubian Studies brings together within the same fold the disparate fields of archaeological, papyrological, and philological research; Meroitic, Old Nubian, Coptic, Greek, and Arabic sources confront current investigations in modern anthropology and ethnography, Nilo-Saharan linguistics, and critical and theoretical approaches present in post-colonial and African studies. Available as pdf downloads.
Entretiens sur l'Antiquité classique
The digitized edition of Entretiens sur l’Antiquité classique is now accessible online with a moving wall of three years (editions available free from 2017).
Indiana University Press
Access to over 50 journals published by the Indiana University Press.
Internet Archaeology is a longer-form journal platform for archaeological research. There is also an associated monograph series.
Instructions for readers on how to access JSTOR can be found here.
In response to COVID-19, JSTOR has made a number of its resources available for those who do not have any institutional access. More details can be found here.
OrientLab is a peer-reviewed, multi-language series devoted to researches and syntheses on the cultures of the ancient Near East.
University of California Press
The University of California Press has guaranteed free access to all its journals until the end of June 2020. Of particular interest to our readers may be:
Studies in Late Antiquity
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München - The Bavarian State Library in Munich's Digi20 database contains over 5,000 20th century monographs in humanities and social sciences.
Brepols - Books and journals now available through Brepols. In order to access these, members of the Library must sign in via the catalogue. Enter your name and then enter the barcode number on your membership card in the 'Password' field. You will then be redirected to the Brepols website, where you can search the available material.
Cambridge Core - Log in to the Cambridge Core website through this catalogue link to gain access to the changing selection of freely available titles. You'll need your library card barcode to do this. You have to go through the catalogue link - you won't be able to use your library details to log in directly on the Cambridge Core website. [Note: some of our Roman and Hellenic Society readers have reported being unable to access Cambridge Core via this link. We are currently investigating this and will update the page soon.]
Centre for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University - Selection of online publications from Greek literature to history, as well articles, essays, and lectures
Core.ac.uk - the world's largest (and searchable) collection of online research papers
Duke University Press - Selection of free e-books in humanities and social sciences, available until May 30 2020.
JISC Historical Texts - 460,000 texts ranging from the 15th-19th century, including the UK Medical Heritage Library (UKMHL). Available until July 31 2020.
Les Belles Lettres - A selection of monographs available in ancient history and literature.
Manchester University Press - Temporary open access to around 200 e-books. Categories include archaeology & heritage, and history.
MOM Open Éditions - Research publications in archaeology, history and epigraphy, among others.
Ohio State University Press - The Knowledge Bank, a service of The Ohio State University Libraries, collects, preserves, and distributes the intellectual output of The Ohio State University. All Ohio State University Press monographs will be free to download for as long as the COVID-19 crisis lasts.
Open Access Publishing in European Networks (OAPEN) - The OAPEN Library contains freely accessible academic books, mainly in the area of humanities and social sciences.
Open Library of the Humanities - The Open Library of Humanities journal publishes internationally-leading, rigorous and peer-reviewed scholarship across the humanities disciplines. Available titles include the Theoretical Roman Archaeology Journal.
Oriental Institute, University of Chicago - Open-access publications from the Oriental Institute, including material on Egypt, the Hittites, and the late antique Near East.
Oxford University Press - Free resources for instructors and students.
Penn State University Press - All digital content will be free until the end of June.
Purdue University Press - Selection of open access e-books available.
Project MUSE - Humanities and social science research bank. Project MUSE is collaborating with publishers to provide free access to scholarly content throughout the pandemic - keep an eye on the updated list here. Publishers include: University Press of Colorado, Cornell University Press, University of Georgia Press, University of Maryland Press, University of North Carolina Press, Princeton University Press, University of South Carolina Press, Temple University Press, Texas Tech University Press (includes the Helios journal), Utah State University Press, Vanderbilt University Press, University of Virginia Press, Wayne State University Press.
Propylaeum Ebooks - Open access research publisher (predominantly archaeology and philosophy) with a selection of Digital Classics e-books available, as well as the monograph series.
Sidestone Press - Currently, Sidestone Press' published titles are available at no cost to read online or (in some cases) as pdf downloads. Using the 'Browse by Subject' sidebar, you can explore the range of available material in archaeology, history, and digital humanities.
University of Calgary Press - Selection of open access e-books across various topics.
University of London Press - The titles in the Humanities Digital Library are available as free open-access pdfs for the time being.
University of Michigan Press - Titles in the Ebook Collection (UOM EBC) free to read online (not download)
Below are some of the databases allowing downloads of completed PhD theses:
Massolit has provided free access to its online GCSE and A-Level courses, including the Classics & Ancient History courses. You need to register for an account, but that's all.
Openstax has compiled some teaching support tools for teachers moving to online lessons. Especially interesting are the resources on keeping students engaged.
A variety of courses, including an art history course on the Ancient Mediterranean and the At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series (ARCHES).
Podcasts, lecture series, blogs, and other distractions
In this stressful time, working full-time on research can be difficult.
ARCHES by SmartHistory - At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. Taken together, these short videos and essays (see the left navigation for all the content) can serve as a stand-alone unit, however ARCHES was also designed to help instructors integrate the subject of endangered cultural heritage into their existing curriculum.
Classics Confidential - Interviews with people who are passionate about the Ancient World. Check out the 'Archives' for over ten years' worth of audio and video material.
Classics in a Time of Quarantine - Ongoing coverage at Eidolon of the Covid-19 crisis, and what we as Classicists can do to get through it.
Internet Classics Archive - Translations of classical texts, search tools, lists of e-resources, and a collation of places to purchase Classics research material.
Ludus and Locus Ludi - A project of the University of Fribourg project, these are databases of ancient boardgames with a variety of historical resources to accompany them.
Open Library - A subsection of the Internet Archive, the Open Library's goal is to provide a page on the web for every book ever published. In addition, where possible, they will provide a link to something as close to the actual document you're looking for as they can, whether that is a scanned version courtesy of the Internet Archive, or a link to a place to buy it. They also have scanned library copies which you can digitally 'borrow'.
SAGE Business Cases: Ancient Leadership - A series of case studies exploring narratives around becoming a leader in the ancient world.
UCL Institute of Archaeology Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies - The Museum Ethics collection and Voices In (and Around) The Museum collection may make for valuable crossover with classical research.
Working Together to Transcribe Ancient Documents During COVID-19. Sarah E. Bond, Society for Classical Studies.